The Helping Hands Project

 Glossary

 

Annoint:  To place oil on the head of a person to request healing of an illness.  ( James 5:14-16 ).  The oil symbolizes God's Spirit, which is the power of God.  

Character: The discernment, willingness and determination to make and carry out proper moral, ethical and spiritual choices regardless of the circumstances, pressures and tendency to do otherwise.

Endurance:  The ability to withstand prolonged hardship or adversity.  The act of staying the course.

Free will, free choice or free moral agency:  The freedom to decide withour undue pressure whether to embrace or reject a particular course of action;  the charactesristic of not being goverened by prior causes ( such as instinct )  or divine intevention, but able to decide for oneself.

Fruit:  The result of a decision or course of action.  The fruit of the Spirit is the consequence of the Holy Spirit at work in a persons life.  The fruit of the Spirit is found in Galations 5: 22-23.

Human nature:  The characteristics, tendencies and behavior of a human being.  It is fundamentally neutral, although over time self-gratification tends to predominate.  As creatures of choice, we are enjoined and expected to resist the pulls of base self-motivation and respond to the leading of the Holy Spirit.

Persecution:  Affliction, abuse, harrasment or attacks on our person or character.  Persecution for obedience to God allows us to suffer for righteousness' sake.  Such abuse may include personal, political, religious and psychological persecution.

Reconcilliation:  Restoration; the opposite of alienation.  We are reconciled to a relationship with God the Father through repentance of sin and acceptance of the sacrifice of Christ.  Alienation from God  are results from sin.  ( Isaiah 59: 1-2 ).

Repentence:  A reversal of direction in attitude and actions.  We repent when we realize we headed the wrong way, then stop, turn around and begin moving in the the right direction.  Spiritually, it involves genuine sorrow for sins and a relsove to do what is right.

Reward:  Something God gives to those who please Him.  In the broadest sense, a reward is whatever we receive for our actions, good or bad.  We can not earn our Salvation, which is a gift from God ( Romans 6:23 ), yet Christ shows through the parable of the talents that some will receive greater rewards than others in the KIngdom of God becasuse of their service to ther Creator ( Matthew 25: 14-30 ).

Sovereignty ( of God ):  The unchallenged rule, power and autonomy of God.  The Chreator is sovereign in that no one can sucessfully challenge His supremacy.

Suffering:  Pain cause by physical, mental or psychological factors, or any combination of the three. 

Trial:  A test of faith, patience or stamina through being subjected to suffering or temptation.  We are tried through the difficutlies of life.  Such tests work patience and build and reveal our character.  "If you faint in the day of adversity, your strength is small," ( Proverbs 24:10 ).  Sucessfully endured trials build holy, righteous character and trust in God. 

 

 

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 The following list is a pronunciation and help guide for quick deffinitions to enhance your Bible study experience.

 

 

 Bethsaida  [beth SAY ih duh] - town on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee

 biblion  [bih BLIH ahn] - Greek term meaning 'book, scroll',   (from this word we get our word, ''Bible' )

 Caesar Augustus  [SEE zuhr aw GUHS tuhs] - Roman Emperor when Jesus was born

 Calvary  [KAL vuh rih] - a latin term meaning 'skull'; see also 'Golgatha'

 Capernaum  [kuh PUHR nay uhm] - town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee

 Cephas  [SEE fuhs] - one of three NT names for Peter;  Aramaic term meaning 'rock'

 Cleopas  [KLEE oh puhs] - follower of Jesus from the village of Emmaus

 Denarii  [dih NEHR ih igh] - Plural of denarius [dih NEHR ih uhs], a days wage

 Emmaus  [eh MAY uhs] - village located about 7 miles west of Jerusalem, name means 'hot baths'

 Gabriel  [GAY brih ehl] - angel whose name means 'strong man of God'

 Golgotha  [GAHL guh thuh]  - Aramiac term meaning 'skull'; hill on which Jesus was crucified

 Hades  [HAY deez] - place of the dead; place of torment for the wicked

 Herod  [HEHR uhd] - family name of Judean rulers; refers to Herod Antipas [AN tih puhs] in Luke 13:31; 23:6

 Lazarus  [LAZ uh ruhs] - poor, deseased beggar, different man than Jesus' friend of Bethany of same name  (John 11:1)

 lepras  [leh PRAHS] - Greek term referring to leprosy

 Naaman  [NAY uh muhn] - Syrian army commander healed of leprosy;   2 Kings 5:1-19

 Nazareth / Nazarene  [NAZ uh reth / NAZ uh reen] - town of Jesus' boyhood

 Passover  [PASS oh vuhr] - most important Israelite annual feast; incuded Day of Atonement sacrifice

 Pentecost  [PEN tih kawst] - major Israelite feast; held 50 days after Passover

 Pharisees  [FEHR uh see / FEHR uh seez] - Largest jewish religious party in NT times; name means 'separated ones'

 Pilate  [PIH luht] - Roman governor of Judea when Jesus was crucified

 propitiate  [pro PIH shih ate] - to turn away wrath by means of satisfying a debt

 publican  [PUHB lih kuhn] - a local tax collector during NT times; usually hated by citizens

 Samaritan  [suh MEHR ih tuhn - resident of the area between Judea and Galilee in NT times; usually hated by   most jews for thier lack of orthodox beliefs.

 Sarpta  [suh REP tuh] - Greek form of the name 'Zarephath'; see also 'Zarephath'

 supulcher  [SEP uhl kuhr] - a tomb, grave, or burial place

 Shema  [ SHEE mah] - Deuteronomy 6: 4-9;  Israelite statement of devotion to the Lord

 Theeophilus  [thee AHF ih luhs] - name meaning 'friend of God' one of whom Luke addressed in his Gospel

  Zarephath  [ZAR ih fath] - a town in Sidon on the Mediterranean coast